The Buildings

There are Kirkbride buildings throughout the United States and in a few other countries. Most were built between 1848 and 1890, although there were a few instances where Kirkbride buildings were built after 1900. Each building followed the same basic floor plan and general arrangement of facilities promoted by Dr. Kirkbride, but many different architects designed the individual buildings and gave them their own unique character. Below is a small list of Kirkbrides with links to pages containing the history and pictures of each institution. Please note that this is not a complete list of all Kirkbride buildings that ever existed.

Other Existing Kirkbride Buildings

There are several more Kirkbrides still in existance—some abandoned, some still in use. These other Kirkbrides are still standing in the cities and towns listed below. List items with a [?] are locations where the existance of a Kirkbride building is not yet completely confirmed, but very likely. Linked items have their own page containing the institution's history and historical pictures. More pages will be added in the future.

  • Anna, Illinois (partially demolished)
  • Augusta, Maine
  • Austin, Texas [?]
  • Bangor, Maine
  • Bolivar, Tenessee (wings demolished)
  • Brattleboro, Vermont
  • Columbia, South Carolina
  • Danville, Pennsylvania
  • Dayton, Ohio
  • Hopkinsville, Kentucky
  • Kankakee, Illinois
  • Middletown, Connecticut
  • Morganton, North Carolina
  • North Warren, Pennsylvania
  • Pendleton, Oregon
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Saint Joseph, Missouri
  • Saint Louis, Missouri
  • Saint Peter, Minnesota (wings demolished)
  • Salem, Oregon
  • Trenton, New Jersey
  • Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • Washington, DC
  • White Plains, New York [?]

Demolished Kirkbride Buildings

Many other Kirkbride buildings have been completely demolished. Cities where Kirkbrides have been torn down are listed below. List items with a [?] are locations where the previous existance of a Kirkbride building is not yet completely confirmed, but very likely. A [2] denotes that two Kirkbride buildings were demolished at that particular location. Linked items have their own page containing the institution's history and historical pictures. More pages will be added in the future.

Please note that in some instances these buildings are off-limits to the general public and permission must be obtained if you wish to access the property and/or take photographs.